Genome of Geobacter sulfurreducens: metal reduction in subsurface environments.

TitleGenome of Geobacter sulfurreducens: metal reduction in subsurface environments.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsMethé BA, Nelson KE, Eisen JA, Paulsen IT, Nelson W, Heidelberg JF, Wu D, Wu M, Ward N, Beanan MJ, Dodson RJ, Madupu R, Brinkac LM, Daugherty SC, DeBoy RT, Durkin AS, Gwinn M, Kolonay JF, Sullivan SA, Haft DH, Selengut J, Davidsen TM, Zafar N, White O, Tran B, Romero C, Forberger HA, Weidman J, Khouri H, Feldblyum TV, Utterback TR, Van Aken SE, Lovley DR, Fraser CM
Date Published2003 Dec 12
KeywordsAcetates, Acetyl Coenzyme A, Aerobiosis, Anaerobiosis, Bacterial Proteins, Carbon, Chemotaxis, Chromosomes, Bacterial, Cytochromes c, Electron Transport, Energy Metabolism, Genes, Bacterial, Genes, Regulator, Genome, Bacterial, Geobacter, Hydrogen, Metals, Movement, Open Reading Frames, Oxidation-Reduction, Phylogeny

The complete genome sequence of Geobacter sulfurreducens, a delta-proteobacterium, reveals unsuspected capabilities, including evidence of aerobic metabolism, one-carbon and complex carbon metabolism, motility, and chemotactic behavior. These characteristics, coupled with the possession of many two-component sensors and many c-type cytochromes, reveal an ability to create alternative, redundant, electron transport networks and offer insights into the process of metal ion reduction in subsurface environments. As well as playing roles in the global cycling of metals and carbon, this organism clearly has the potential for use in bioremediation of radioactive metals and in the generation of electricity.

Alternate JournalScience
PubMed ID14671304