A hand-off mechanism for primosome assembly in replication restart.

TitleA hand-off mechanism for primosome assembly in replication restart.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsLopper M, Boonsombat R, Sandler SJ, Keck JL
JournalMol Cell
Date Published2007 Jun 22
KeywordsBinding Sites, DNA Helicases, DNA Replication, DNA, Bacterial, DNA, Single-Stranded, DNA-Binding Proteins, DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli Proteins, Genome, Bacterial, Models, Biological, Multienzyme Complexes, Protein Binding, Replication Origin

Collapsed DNA replication forks must be reactivated through origin-independent reloading of the replication machinery (replisome) to ensure complete duplication of cellular genomes. In E. coli, the PriA-dependent pathway is the major replication restart mechanism and requires primosome proteins PriA, PriB, and DnaT for replisome reloading. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate origin-independent replisome loading are not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that assembly of primosome protein complexes represents a key regulatory mechanism, as inherently weak PriA-PriB and PriB-DnaT interactions are strongly stimulated by single-stranded DNA. Furthermore, the binding site on PriB for single-stranded DNA partially overlaps the binding sites for PriA and DnaT, suggesting a dynamic primosome assembly process in which single-stranded DNA is handed off from one primosome protein to another as a repaired replication fork is reactivated. This model helps explain how origin-independent initiation of DNA replication is restricted to repaired replication forks, preventing overreplication of the genome.

Alternate JournalMol. Cell
PubMed ID17588514