|Title||Class I major histocompatibility proteins are an essential component of the simian virus 40 receptor.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1992|
|Authors||Breau WC, Atwood WJ, Norkin LC|
|Date Published||1992 Apr|
|Keywords||Animals, Binding, Competitive, Blotting, Western, Cell Line, Flow Cytometry, Histocompatibility Antigens Class I, Humans, Precipitin Tests, Receptors, Virus, Simian virus 40, Transfection|
The class I molecules encoded by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) present endogenously synthesized antigenic peptide fragments to cytotoxic T lymphocytes. We show here that these proteins are an essential component of the cell surface receptor for simian virus 40 (SV40). First, SV40 binding to cells can be blocked by two monoclonal antibodies against class I human lymphocyte antigen (HLA) proteins but not by monoclonal antibodies specific for other cell surface proteins. Second, SV40 does not bind to cells of two different human lymphoblastoid cell lines which do not express surface class I MHC proteins because of genetic defects in the beta 2-microglobulin gene in one line and in the HLA complex in the other. Transfection of these cell lines with cloned genes for beta 2-microglobulin and HLA-B8, respectively, restored expression of their surface class I MHC proteins and resulted in concomitant SV40 binding. Finally, SV40 binds to purified HLA proteins in vitro and selectively binds to class I MHC proteins in a cell surface extract.
|Alternate Journal||J. Virol.|