|Title||Fast disinfecting antimicrobial surfaces.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||Madkour AE, Dabkowski JM, Nusslein K, Tew GN|
|Date Published||2009 Jan 20|
|Keywords||Anti-Bacterial Agents, Escherichia coli, Glass, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Molecular Structure, Particle Size, Polymethacrylic Acids, Silicon, Staphylococcus aureus, Surface Properties|
Silicon wafers and glass surfaces were functionalized with facially amphiphilic antimicrobial copolymers using the "grafting from" technique. Surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) was used to grow poly(butylmethacrylate)-co-poly(Boc-aminoethyl methacrylate) from the surfaces. Upon Boc-deprotection, these surfaces became highly antimicrobial and killed S. aureus and E. coli 100% in less than 5 min. The molecular weight and grafting density of the polymer were controlled by varying the polymerization time and initiator surface density. Antimicrobial studies showed that the killing efficiency of these surfaces was independent of polymer layer thickness or grafting density within the range of surfaces studied.