Going wireless: Fe(III) oxide reduction without pili by Geobacter sulfurreducens strain JS-1.

TitleGoing wireless: Fe(III) oxide reduction without pili by Geobacter sulfurreducens strain JS-1.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsSmith JA, Tremblay P-L, Shrestha PMalla, Snoeyenbos-West OL, Franks AE, Nevin KP, Lovley DR
JournalAppl Environ Microbiol
Date Published2014 Jul
KeywordsAdaptation, Physiological, Biofilms, DNA, Bacterial, Electron Transport, Ferric Compounds, Fimbriae Proteins, Fimbriae, Bacterial, Gene Deletion, Geobacter, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Proteomics, Sequence Analysis, DNA

Previous studies have suggested that the conductive pili of Geobacter sulfurreducens are essential for extracellular electron transfer to Fe(III) oxides and for optimal long-range electron transport through current-producing biofilms. The KN400 strain of G. sulfurreducens reduces poorly crystalline Fe(III) oxide more rapidly than the more extensively studied DL-1 strain. Deletion of the gene encoding PilA, the structural pilin protein, in strain KN400 inhibited Fe(III) oxide reduction. However, low rates of Fe(III) reduction were detected after extended incubation (>30 days) in the presence of Fe(III) oxide. After seven consecutive transfers, the PilA-deficient strain adapted to reduce Fe(III) oxide as fast as the wild type. Microarray, whole-genome resequencing, proteomic, and gene deletion studies indicated that this adaptation was associated with the production of larger amounts of the c-type cytochrome PgcA, which was released into the culture medium. It is proposed that the extracellular cytochrome acts as an electron shuttle, promoting electron transfer from the outer cell surface to Fe(III) oxides. The adapted PilA-deficient strain competed well with the wild-type strain when both were grown together on Fe(III) oxide. However, when 50% of the culture medium was replaced with fresh medium every 3 days, the wild-type strain outcompeted the adapted strain. A possible explanation for this is that the necessity to produce additional PgcA, to replace the PgcA being continually removed, put the adapted strain at a competitive disadvantage, similar to the apparent selection against electron shuttle-producing Fe(III) reducers in many anaerobic soils and sediments. Despite increased extracellular cytochrome production, the adapted PilA-deficient strain produced low levels of current, consistent with the concept that long-range electron transport through G. sulfurreducens biofilms is more effective via pili.

Alternate JournalAppl Environ Microbiol
PubMed ID24814783
PubMed Central IDPMC4068678