|Title||Interspecies electron transfer via H2 and formate rather than direct electrical connections in co-cultures of Pelobacter carbinolicus and Geobacter sulfurreducens.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Rotaru A-E, Shrestha PM, Liu F, Ueki T, Nevin K, Summers ZM, Lovley DR|
|Journal||Appl Environ Microbiol|
|Date Published||2012 Aug 24|
Direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) is an alternative to interspecies H(2)/formate transfer as a mechanism for microbial species to cooperatively exchange electrons during syntrophic metabolism. To understand what specific properties contribute to DIET, studies were conducted with Pelobacter carbinolicus, a close relative of Geobacter metallireducens, which is capable of DIET. P. carbinolicus grew in co-culture with Geobacter sulfurreducens with ethanol as electron donor and fumarate as electron acceptor, conditions under which G. sulfurreducens formed direct electrical connections with G. metallireducens. In contrast to the cell aggregation associated with DIET, P. carbinolicus and G. sulfurreducens did not aggregate. Attempts to initiate co-cultures with a genetically modified strain of G. sulfurreducens incapable of both H(2) and formate utilization were unsuccessful, whereas co-cultures readily grew with mutant strains capable of formate but not H(2) uptake, or vice-versa. The hydrogenase mutant of G. sulfurreducens compensated, in co-cultures, with significantly increased formate-dehydrogenase gene expression. In contrast, the transcript abundance of a hydrogenase gene was comparable in co-cultures with the formate dehydrogenase mutant of G. sulfurreducens or wild-type, suggesting that H(2) was the primary electron carrier in the wild-type co-cultures. Co-cultures were also initiated with strains of G. sulfurreducens that could not produce pili or OmcS, two essential components for DIET. The finding that P. carbinolicus exchanged electrons with G. sulfurreducens via interspecies transfer of H(2)/formate rather than DIET demonstrates that not all microorganisms that can grow syntrophically are capable of DIET and that closely related microorganisms may use significantly different strategies for interspecies electron exchange.
|Alternate Journal||Appl. Environ. Microbiol.|