|Title||Multiple genetic pathways for restarting DNA replication forks in Escherichia coli K-12.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2000|
|Date Published||2000 Jun|
|Keywords||Base Sequence, DNA Primers, DNA Replication, Escherichia coli, Genes, Lethal, Mutation, Polymerase Chain Reaction|
In Escherichia coli, the primosome assembly proteins, PriA, PriB, PriC, DnaT, DnaC, DnaB, and DnaG, are thought to help to restart DNA replication forks at recombinational intermediates. Redundant functions between priB and priC and synthetic lethality between priA2::kan and rep3 mutations raise the possibility that there may be multiple pathways for restarting replication forks in vivo. Herein, it is shown that priA2::kan causes synthetic lethality when placed in combination with either Deltarep::kan or priC303:kan. These determinations were made using a nonselective P1 transduction-based viability assay. Two different priA2::kan suppressors (both dnaC alleles) were tested for their ability to rescue the priA-priC and priA-rep double mutant lethality. Only dnaC809,820 (and not dnaC809) could rescue the lethality in each case. Additionally, it was shown that the absence of the 3'-5' helicase activity of both PriA and Rep is not the critical missing function that causes the synthetic lethality in the rep-priA double mutant. One model proposes that replication restart at recombinational intermediates occurs by both PriA-dependent and PriA-independent pathways. The PriA-dependent pathways require at least priA and priB or priC, and the PriA-independent pathway requires at least priC and rep. It is further hypothesized that the dnaC809 suppression of priA2::kan requires priC and rep, whereas dnaC809,820 suppression of priA2::kan does not.