Extracellular degradation of medium chain length poly(beta-hydroxyalkanoates) by Comamonas sp.

TitleExtracellular degradation of medium chain length poly(beta-hydroxyalkanoates) by Comamonas sp.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsQuinteros R, Goodwin S, Lenz RW, Park WH
JournalInt J Biol Macromol
Date Published1999 Jun-Jul
KeywordsCarboxylic Ester Hydrolases, Gram-Negative Aerobic Rods and Cocci, Kinetics, Polyesters, Structure-Activity Relationship, Substrate Specificity

The PHA-degrading isolate, strain P37C, was enriched from residential compost for its ability to hydrolyze the medium chain length PHA, poly(beta-hydroxyoctanoate) (PHO). It was subsequently found to grow on a wide range of PHAs, including both short chain length and medium chain length PHAs. The isolate was identified as belonging to the genus Comamonas. Strain P37C formed clear zones on poly(beta-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB), (PHO) and poly(beta-hydroxyphenylvalerate) (PHPV) overlay plates. PHA clear zone tubes were prepared using seven different kinds of PHAs, ranging from PHB with four-carbon repeating units, to poly(beta-hydroxyoctanoate-co-beta-hydroxyundecanoate) (PHOU) with 8- and 11-carbon repeating units. There was a direct correlation between PHA side chain length and rate of hydrolysis of the PHAs. A series of PHOUs containing varying percentages of unsaturated bonds were used to make a series of epoxidized PHOUs (PHOEs) with varying percentages of epoxy functions. Results of clear zone tube assays showed that these functionalized PHAs were all biodegradable by strain P37C, and there was no apparent correlation between rate of biodegradation and the proportion of functional groups in the PHAs. Biodegradability of these PHAs was verified using respirometry and enzyme assays. Cell-free supernatants containing activity toward PHAs were prepared, and strain P37C was shown to synthesize at least two distinct PHA depolymerases for the hydrolysis of SCL and MCL PHAs.

Alternate JournalInt. J. Biol. Macromol.
PubMed ID10416660