MHC class I molecules are enriched in caveolae but do not enter with simian virus 40.

TitleMHC class I molecules are enriched in caveolae but do not enter with simian virus 40.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsAnderson HA, Chen Y, Norkin LC
JournalJ Gen Virol
Volume79 ( Pt 6)
Date Published1998 Jun
KeywordsAnimals, Caveolin 1, Caveolins, Cell Line, Cell Membrane, Cercopithecus aethiops, Histocompatibility Antigens Class I, Humans, Membrane Proteins, Simian virus 40

Simian virus 40 (SV40) binds to MHC class I molecules anywhere on the cell surface and then enters through caveolae. The fate of class I molecules after SV40 binding is not known. Sensitivity of 125I-surface-labelled class I molecules to papain cleavage was used to distinguish internalized class I molecules from class I molecules remaining at the cell surface. Whereas the caveolae-enriched membrane microdomain was found to also be enriched for class I molecules, no internalized papain-resistant 125I-surface-labelled class I molecules could be detected at any time in either control cells or in cells preadsorbed with saturating amounts of SV40. Instead, 125I-surface-labelled class I molecules, as well as preadsorbed 125I-labelled anti-class I antibodies, accumulated in the medium, coincident with the turnover of class I molecules at the cell surface. The class I heavy chains that accumulated in the medium were truncated and their release was specifically prevented by the metalloprotease inhibitor 1,10-phenanthroline. Thus, whereas class I molecules mediate SV40 binding, they do not appear to mediate SV40 entry.

Alternate JournalJ. Gen. Virol.
PubMed ID9634090