|Title||Differential suppression of priA2::kan phenotypes in Escherichia coli K-12 by mutations in priA, lexA, and dnaC.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1996|
|Authors||Sandler SJ, Samra HS, Clark AJ|
|Date Published||1996 May|
|Keywords||Bacterial Proteins, Bacteriophage phi X 174, beta-Galactosidase, Chromosomes, Bacterial, DNA Helicases, DNA Replication, DNA-Binding Proteins, Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli Proteins, Genes, Bacterial, Genetic Markers, Mutagenesis, Phenotype, Recombination, Genetic, Replication Protein A, Repressor Proteins, Serine Endopeptidases, Suppression, Genetic, Transduction, Genetic, Ultraviolet Rays|
First identified as an essential component of the phi X174 in vitro DNA replication system, PriA has ATPase, helicase, translocase, and primosome-assembly activities. priA1::kan strains of Escherichia coli are sensitive to UV irradiation, deficient in homologous recombination following transduction, and filamentous. priA2::kan strains have eightfold higher levels of uninduced SOS expression than wild type. We show that (1) priA1::kan strains have eightfold higher levels of uninduced SOS expression, (2) priA2::kan strains are UVS and Rec-, (3) lexA3 suppresses the high basal levels of SOS expression of a priA2::kan strain, and (4) plasmid-encoded priA300 (K230R), a mutant allele retaining only the primosome-assembly activity of priA+, restores both UVR and Rec+ phenotypes to a priA2::kan strain. Finally, we have isolated 17 independent UVR Rec+ revertants of priA2::kan strains that carry extragenic suppressors. All 17 map in the C-terminal half of the dnaC gene. DnaC loads the DnaB helicase onto DNA as a prelude for primosome assembly and DNA replication. We conclude that priA's primosome-assembly activity is essential for DNA repair and recombination and that the dnaC suppressor mutations allow these processes to occur in the absence of priA.