Heat-shock sigma factor RpoH from Geobacter sulfurreducens.

TitleHeat-shock sigma factor RpoH from Geobacter sulfurreducens.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsUeki T, Lovley DR
IssuePt 3
Date Published2007 Mar
KeywordsAdaptation, Physiological, Base Sequence, Binding Sites, Consensus Sequence, DNA, Bacterial, Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial, Genome, Bacterial, Geobacter, Heat-Shock Proteins, Hot Temperature, Molecular Sequence Data, Promoter Regions, Genetic, RNA, Bacterial, RNA, Messenger, Sigma Factor, Transcription, Genetic

Recent studies with Myxococcus xanthus have suggested that homologues of the Escherichia coli heat-shock sigma factor, RpoH, may not be involved in the heat-shock response in this delta-proteobacterium. The genome of another delta-proteobacterium, Geobacter sulfurreducens, which is considered to be a representative of the Fe(III)-reducing Geobacteraceae that predominate in a diversity of subsurface environments, contains an rpoH homologue. Characterization of the G. sulfurreducens rpoH homologue revealed that it was induced by a temperature shift from 30 degrees C to 42 degrees C and that an rpoH-deficient mutant was unable to grow at 42 degrees C. The predicted heat-shock genes, hrcA, grpE, dnaK, groES and htpG, were heat-shock inducible in an rpoH-dependent manner, and comparison of promoter regions of these genes identified the consensus sequences for the -10 and -35 promoter elements. In addition, DNA elements identical to the CIRCE consensus sequence were found in promoters of rpoH, hrcA and groES, suggesting that these genes are regulated by a homologue of the repressor HrcA, which is known to bind the CIRCE element. These results suggest that the G. sulfurreducens RpoH homologue is the heat-shock sigma factor and that heat-shock response in G. sulfurreducens is regulated positively by RpoH as well as negatively by the HrcA/CIRCE system.

Alternate JournalMicrobiology (Reading, Engl.)
PubMed ID17322204